The stone masonry industry regularly use various kinds of natural and artificial stone. Selecting the most appropriate stone for the best application is important.
Below are a few various kinds of natural stone, within the three, main geographical rock types:
Igneous Igneous rock is formed by the cooling of magma or lava and may or may not involve crystallization characteristics. Natural, igneous stone types include Granite that is one of the hardest stone around and requires special stonemason techniques to work with. kent ragstone fixers It is generally employed by masons for its strength and durability in countertops, kerbstones and flooring.
Other igneous rock types range from the softer Pumice and Scoria to the more harder Obsidian and Basalt stone which are used in stone masonry for groundwork and building blocks.
Metamorphic Metamorphic rock is rock which has undergone transformation from an existing rock type, involving extreme pressures and temperatures over long periods of time, causing profound chemical and physical’metamorphism ‘.
Marble is just a typical and popular metamorphic rock which has, by tradition, been carved into statues, and for facing Renaissance stonework. You will find various kinds of marble differentiated by their colour, petographic type and other factors. Some common types range from the white or blue-grey Carrara marble quarried in Carrara, Italy. Marble is employed by stonemasons mainly for it’s decorative characteristics in flooring, tiling and in fireplaces.
Another popular metamorphic rock is Slate. Its hardness and granularity supplies a sharpness that is popular for memorials and inscriptions. Its layered form enables masons to split it into thin plates and use it as a roofing material.
Sedimentary Sedimentary rock is formed in water from the sedimentation of other rock, calcium deposits and organic particles. Again, an extended process and application of heat and pressure to create strata layers into a structure called bedding. Within this bedding you may even find fossil fuels and ores.
Common Sedimentary rock are limestone. Frequently employed samples of limestone include Yorkstone, Sydney and Bath and Portland stone which most of the City of Bath is manufactured from. Kentish Ragstone is another famous limestone from Kent employed by Kent stonemasons of the past. Westminster Abbey, the Tower of London and Kent’s Castles such as for instance Leeds Castle are typical famous stoneworks made from Kent Ragstone by Kent masons.
Travertine can also be a popular limestone that is useful for its soft aesthetic looks. It is generally used as a cladding, in flooring, walls and in bathrooms