Lithium Batteries are area of the disposable battery family which contains lithium ions. They are mainly found in the items which need continuous and reliable way to obtain power. Lithium is supposed to be the lightest metal and they possess the maximum prospect of electrochemical activities. Recently it has become very popular on earth of consumer electronics. Their lightweight and high energy capacity have increased their usage in the portable electronic devices.
Lithium batteries do not use any kind of poisonous metals like cadmium or lead, thereby making it safe for use. They are the most used commonly present in electronic items including the cellular phones, laptops, iPods, and so on. Their popularity owes to the lots of advantages provided by these ones. They come in two different types, the principal and the secondary. The primary batteries are the ones that need to be disposed as a result of its life has been completely depleted xs power titan. The secondary lithium ones are those which have the capacity to recharge a variety of times until its final depletion. All of them, lithium ones are the most energetic. They are constructed with lithium and carbon electrodes. Lithium is the lightest metal making the batteries also light in weight.
The primary kind of lithium ones which are non-rechargeable are mainly found in electronic items that needs less power such as the camera, CD players, toys, watches, and so on. The rechargeable type lithium ones are found in many areas including military, medical, and consumer electronics. Recently they have gain popularity in the automobile industry as well due to their high energy-storage capacity.
Being a very reactive element, lithium has the ability of energy storage in the atomic bonds. This property of Lithium enables the lithium batteries to offer for high energy density. Typically, lithium battery could store 150 watt-hour of power in a battery of 1 kg. This is quite high when comparing to the normal one such as the lead battery which could store only around 25 watt. Even the nickel-metal hydride ones do not match to the capability of the lithium ones as they could store only around 70 watt-hour of power. This clearly demonstrates lithium ones have double the vitality capacity of the older ones.
Even the maintenance of the lithium one is not very high. Another benefit of lithium ones is that they do not have memory effect. Unlike the nickel-cadmium batteries where successful recharge is possible only on complete discharge of them, Lithium ones could be recharged even without complete discharge. Deterioration in the capability is noticed when lithium ones have been in use or not. Capacity deterioration is really a common factor in all them. Every chemical element used may have age-related deterioration. But as set alongside the nickel-cadmium ones, their battery life can endure five years. The disposal of lithium ones are easy and their pollution level is much low.